A well-established telecom infrastructure is needed for the development of a smart city and will play an indispensable role in transforming a city into a smart one as these cities would require high speed and high capacity communication networks for transportation, security and energy verticals.
In smart cities, everything will be connected to the network. This means that networks will not only require the high speed, high reliability, high availability, and other features demanded of today's networks, they must also satisfy new requirements, including the connection of various types of devices, effective use of carrier networks, the flexibility to support new devices and services, the economics to provide services at a reasonable price, and consideration for the environment. The intelligent control of the environment inside smart city facilities will require the use of sensors to measure the equipment power consumption and the temperature and humidity in the facility, as well as the transmission of this data via a communication network to a monitoring center for collection, analysis, and use.
Most remote monitoring systems currently use reliable wired networks to send data. Furthermore, use of the existing cellular network is likely to be particularly efficient in situations where the factory or building being monitored is a long way from the monitoring center